Monday, November 5, 2018

Tachycardia in Diabetic Patients | Diabetes | Health | How Webs | United States | USA

Tachycardia in Diabetic Patients | Diabetes | Health | How Webs | United States | USA

In diabetic patients, the body can not break down food into glucose and transport it throughout the body because it does not contain insulin to convert glucose into energy. The blood sugar level rises and over time the blood vessels and nerves that control the heart can be damaged. The longer a person has diabetes, the greater his chances of developing a heart condition.

Tachycardia in Diabetic Patients | Diabetes | Health | How Webs | United States | USA
Tachycardia in Diabetic Patients | Diabetes | Health | How Webs | United States | USA

Moreover, blood vessels in diabetics are more susceptible to other risk factors, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and smoking, and as a result, diabetic patients can develop cardiac arrhythmias related to diabetes itself and other additional disorders - ischemic heart disease, arterial hypertension, etc.

The character of arrhythmias in diabetics is quite different and not all require medical interference. Many of these disorders remain unchanged throughout life, but some can go on and lead to serious complications and therefore require urgent medical intervention.

Not all cardiac rhythm and conduction disturbances can be clinically manifest and therefore can only be observed during electrocardiographic examination. At the same time, the disorders can manifest with different symptoms, which patients do not always associate with cardiac arrhythmias. So in addition to typical feelings of irregular heartbeat, arrhythmias can also have other clinical manifestations:

• Palpitations (fluttering on the chest)
• Dizziness
• Dizziness
• Falling heart
• Shortness of breath
• Sudden weakness
• Fainting.

Sometimes arrhythmias are detected when taking a pulse with a complete lack of subjective perceptions.

In all the above cases, referral to a doctor is required. Only a thorough examination and a healthy medical opinion will enable your doctor to choose the right treatment.

A number of symptoms, especially in young patients with chronic diabetes, may be due to diabetic autonomic neuropathy (DAN) - the least recognized complication of diabetes, when there is diffuse and widespread damage to peripheral and autonomic nerves, as well as to small blood vessels . When diabetic neuropathy affects the autonomic nervous system, it can damage other body systems, including cardiovascular and neurovascular disorders, and interfere with metabolic functions, such as counter-regulation of glucose. This leads to cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) - damage to the autonomic nerve fibers that innervate the blood vessels and the heart, resulting in abnormal heart rate control and vascular dynamics. It represents a significant risk of cardiac arrhythmia and sudden death.

In simple words, CAN is a diabetic complication in which heart nerves are damaged as a result of a chronic high blood sugar level. It is this damage to the nerves responsible for cardiac arrhythmias. The symptoms:

• sinus tachycardia, even at rest with a fixed heart rate of 90-100 to 130 beats per minute
• breathing does not affect heart rate variation (normally heart rate decreases with deep breathing)
• require a special study to assess the nerve control of cardiac function and the prophylactic use of medicines to prevent neuropathy from progressing.

Damage to sensory nerve fibers not only leads to tachycardia, but also to atypical ischemic progression of heart disease. Diabetic patients may have no sense of ischemic pain, which may delay the visit to a doctor and may even cause a silent myocardial infarction, which can be life-threatening.

In short, diabetic patients should consult their physician if stable tachycardia is present to prevent the progression of diabetic cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in a timely manner.


Tachycardia in Diabetic Patients | Diabetes | Health | How Webs | United States | USA

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