Tuesday, November 6, 2018

Diabetes in Children What Parents Need to Know About Type 1 Diabetes | Diabetes | Health | How Webs | United States | USA

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Diabetes in children What parents need to know about type 1 diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is considered a disease of the adults. But the disease does not even spare the children. Worldwide there are 500,000 children younger than 15 years with type 1 diabetes. India is home to approximately 97,700 children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Children with type 1 diabetes mellitus need lifelong care and careful monitoring to prevent complications.

Diabetes in Children What Parents Need to Know About Type 1 Diabetes | Diabetes | Health | How Webs | United States | USA
Diabetes in ChildrenType 1 Diabetes | Diabetes | Health | How Webs | United States | USA  (Image Source)

Type 1 diabetes is known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. In this state, the pancreas no longer produces insulin and the insulin must be administered via external sources such as injections.

Risk factors: The risk factors for type 1 diabetes include:

Family history: if parents or siblings suffer from diabetes, there is an increased risk for the child to develop type 1 diabetes.


Genetic sensitivity: the presence of certain genes increases the risk of developing the disorder.
Geography: the risk of type 1 diabetes increases with the distance with the equator. People in Finland and Sardinia have the highest risk of type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Other risk factors are certain viral infections, low vitamin D intake, early introduction of cow's milk, birth with jaundice, early or late introduction of grains and gluten in the diet.

Signs and symptoms

The signs and symptoms of type 1 diabetes are:
Weight loss: unexplained weight loss is the first symptom of type 1 diabetes. Despite eating too much to relieve hunger, your child may lose weight.

Extreme hunger: Your child may be hungry even after eating.

Fatigue: your child can easily become tired and lethargic.

Blurred vision: High blood sugar levels can affect your child's eyes and can even lead to loss of focus.

Increased thirst and frequent urination: as a result of excess sugar in the bloodstream, your child may become thirsty. As a result, he / she can drink more water and urinate frequently.

Yeast infection: girls with type 1 diabetes can develop a genital fungal infection and babies can develop diaper rash caused by yeast.

Seek the help of your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms.

Take care of your child

Diet changes

Usually the child with diabetes can eat the same healthy food as everyone else. But you must be careful and follow certain precautions:

You have to bring a lot of fruit and vegetables, along with a number of other types of food, as proposed by the doctor.

You should include healthy carbohydrates such as beans, vegetables and whole grains if your child uses insulin every day.

Physical health

Your child can participate in all physical activities with his / her friends and classmates. Physical activity of 60 minutes or more may cause the blood sugar level to become too low. Here are some tips to promote the safety of your child during physical activity.

If your child participates in a sports team:

Make sure the coach knows that your child has diabetes.
Instruct your child to have candy or cookies if he feels dizzy.
Do not forget to give your child a snack before you play.
Make sure your child always wears a medical ID bracelet.

Care at school

Type I diabetes should be administered 24 hours a day, even if your child is in school. You must inform the teachers and caregivers about the condition of your child.

You should:

make a diabetes management plan for your child
Teach the teachers how to treat a hypoglycemic episode in your child
place a diabetes nutritional kit in your child's backpack

Emphasize independence

As a parent you have to support and encourage your child, he or she can take the responsibility to manage it and build up a positive attitude and trust.

Focus on friendship

Having fun with friends builds a sense of belonging and trust. Encourage your child to discuss that he / she has diabetes with his / her friends. This makes their friends feel more comfortable in dealing with your child.

Restore misconceptions

Talk to your child about the facts that people do not deserve diabetes, but it just happens. If your child feels guilty about diabetes, you offer him or her the assurance that there is no reason to feel guilty.
The health of your children must be your priority

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Diabetes in Children What Parents Need to Know About Type 1 Diabetes | Diabetes | Health | How Webs | United States | USA

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